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Home > Technical sheet > Château Bayard - Montagne Saint Emilion

Château Bayard - Montagne Saint Emilion

“Montagne-Saint-Emilion” is a French red wine of protected designation of origin (AOC) produced on the municipality of “Montagne” and its hamlets “Parsac” and “Saint Georges”. 1570 hectare of surface planted in vineyards were claimed in 2005 with a 74130 hectolitre production.

The designation produces exclusively red wine, and if almost all the grapes from the Bordeaux vineyards can be used there (Cabernet-Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, etc.), it’s the Merlot grape which prevails mostly.

The vineyard of “Montagne” is the Northeast continuation of “Saint-Émilion” on the right bank of the “Barbanne”. The basic yield is fixed to 53 hl/ha. Above all enrichment or concentration, must have to contain at least 187 g/l of natural sugar. The wine has to present after fermentation a minimum alcohol degree of 11 %.

Traditionally, wines from the “Montagne-Saint-Émilion” are wines of an assembly of various grapes, three main grapes being the “Merlot”, the “Cabernet Franc” and the “Cabernet Sauvignon”.

The distribution of grapes is the following:

The Merlot: it is the most represented  (more than 75 % of the grape planted). It is an early vine of the second period; it appreciates the fresh and wet character of the grounds with clayey texture. It matures well and brings to the wine the color, a good alcoholic wealth, an interesting complexity as well as the flexibility and the curvature in mouth.

The “Cabernet Franc”: essentially planted in the “Libournais” region, it represents about 20 % of the grape variety of “Saint-Emilion”. Of average precocity, it’s more used on calcareous soils or in texture of a little warmer (sand-colored and grave). It brings to the wine a slightly spiced aromatic delicacy, freshness and a tannic structure, conferring on the wine a big capacity of ageing.

The “Cabernet Sauvignon”: representing approximately 5 % of the grape variety, it’s a late vine particularly adapted to the warm and dry grounds (gravel sandy or grounds argil calcareous well exposed). It brings to the wine a spicy touch, complex notes and a tannic wealth favorable to a long and harmonious preservation.
The decree of “AOC”(Protected Designation of Origin) “Montagne-Saint-Emlion” also allows the use of two other vines: the “Malbec” (or “Côt”) and the “Carménère”. Only the “Malbec” is still incidentally used.

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